Friends of the Wild Flower Garden

Archive of The Fringed Gentian™

logoOn this page are download-able pdf 'as-printed' copies of The Friends Newsletter, The Fringed Gentian™ and beginning in late 2017, web-based versions that are read in your browser and are friendly to all screen sizes. The most recent issues are listed first. To read the pdf files accurately you will need Adobe Reader version 7 or higher - (or equivalent program). Almost all computers come with Adobe Reader or equivalent program installed. You can download Adobe Reader free directly from the web site.

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Web files: These are browser friendly html files which will adjust to various screen sizes. Click on the link under the issue date.

PDF image: Click on the volume # link to download the file to your browser where you can view it, print it, or file it. (If your browser is not configured to open a pdf file within the browser window, you should change the configuration. Otherwise the file will download to your disk and you can open it as a file.) Download time is entirely dependent on the speed of your internet connection. Lo-res (LO Size) will open faster and is fine for screen viewing. For a superior version to print use the Hi-res file (HI Size).

Note: All issues after 1993 have a President's letter, gift, memorial and membership information, most have garden curator's notes. Some of these files do not contain the back page, when that page is address information only and does not contain articles or photos. Hi-res versions are available after mid-2010. Numerous times after volume 19, editors got the published volume numbers out of sequence and sometimes forgot to change the dates. Corrections are indicated in the listing.

Upper volumn # is chronological. Lower #, if any, is as published.

Vol LO 
Vol HI
Pub Date
Web Copy
Main Articles
66-3 66-3Hi Fall 2018
Friends' President Kathy Connelly reviews changes in Board Member assignments. Garden Curator notes. Ron Spinoza writes about slimes. Spotlight on legacy volunteer Mary Furth, update on the Maple Glen, review on a book on Martha Crone, 'Ask Eloise' column and committee reports.
66-2 66-2Hi Summer 2018
Friends' President Kathy Connelly explains the beauty of the Wildflower Garden. Six Garden naturalists write about favorite things. Baby songbirds and hard working parents, Earthworms in the Maple Glen, 'Ask Eloise' column and committee reports.
66-1 66-1Hi Spring 2018
Friends' President Kathy Connelly puts forth the Friends plans for the year. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins discusses ash trees in the Garden and boardwalk planing. Articles about Forest Bathing, Splotchy Spring, the Maple Bowl, book review of How trees think, 'Ask Eloise' column and committee reports.
65-3 65-3Hi Fall 2017
Friends' President Kathy Connelly reviews why you should become involved with the Friends and gives her views about the Garden. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins discusses the changes happening in the Garden. Articles about the new Garden Plant Identification Book, 'Ask Eloise' column, photos from the Fall Volunteer Appreciation Event, and committee reports.
65-2 65-2Hi Summer 2017 New Friends' President Kathy Connelly introduces herself and reviews the many things about the Friends and the Garden that she is grateful for. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the staff at the Garden this Summer and the School Kids Summer program. Article about Summer Birdsongs, Eloise Butler, and committee reports.
65-1 65-1Hi Spring 2017 President Pam announces Campaign 175 to raise funds to finish construction of the Garden Board walk. Her last letter as Friends President. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins writes about the opening of the Garden's 110th season. Volunteer spotlight on Jennifer Dunne. History of the Fern Glen. Photos of early spring flowers. Committee reports.
64-3 64-3Hi Fall 2016 Summer and Fall Activities of the Friends Invasive Plant Group; Curator Susan Wilkins takes the early Autumn off with her new baby; President Pam highlights the need for funding for the next phase of the Boardwalk; how to make Acorn Bread; volunteer spotlight on Jim Coleman; Photos from the Volunteer Appreciation Event; committee reports
64-2 64-2Hi Summer 2016 Summer Activities during the Garden season. Curator Susan Wilkins takes the Summer off with her new baby. History of the Eloise Butler Memorial Tablet, notes on the Garden in Midsummer, Committee reports
64-1 64-1Hi Spring 2016 Looking forward to the opening of a new Garden season. Looking back at some historical notes from Spring 1941, 1966 and 1991. Curator Susan Wilkins outlines the Garden staffing and programs for 2016. John Toren writes of experiences once inside the Garden Gate. Committee reports
63-3 63-3Hi Fall 2015 Wrap-up issue for the year hi-lighting our main fund-raiser - the Schutt House Event in June, the installation in July and dedication in Sept. of the new boardwalk - The Cary George Wetland Project, and the Volunteer Appreciation Event held a the end of October. Curator Susan Wilkins gives her thought of the past season. Friends Board member Phoebe Waugh is interviewed, committee reports. 12 pages.
63-2 63-2Hi Summer 2015 Presiden't column on the installation of the new marsh boardwalk will take place this summer, and addresses the need for more shelter volunteers. Garden Curator writes of the quality and uniqueness of the Garden. Interview with the Garden's new Education Cooridinator, Holly Fetzer, article by naturalist Wesley Nugreren on the Trees of Eloise Butler, committee reports.
63-1 63-1Hi Spring 2015 President's column with commentary on the Summer fundraiser at the Mendon Schutt House; Garden Curator's notes about the new season; interview with volunteer Kris Felbeck; article on Spring warblers; committee reports.
62-3Hi Fall 2014 President Pam review the results of our fund-raisers this year and our accomplishments. Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the Florilegium Project, the work of the Friends Invasives Action Group and the other endeavors that have helped the Garden in the past year. Interview with character actor Anna Anderhagen who portrays Eloise Butler. A two-page report on the hatching of baby snapping turtles at the Garden, Committee reports.
62-2Hi Summer 2014 President Pam reviews the Friends two major projects: The Cary George Wetland Project and the Student Transportation Grant Program. Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the wonderful spring season and the work of the Invasive Plant Action Group. MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes on how the Raptor Center help damaged Great Horned Owls. An historical article on how the Upland Garden came to be; information on the new Junior Nature Detective Backpack Program; migration of Monarchs, update on the work of the Friends Invasive Plant Action Group; introduction of Lauren Husting, new volunteer coordinator; membership and donation reports.
62-1Hi Spring 2014 President Pam delves into "plant intelligence", discusses the progress on the Boardwalk in the Garden, announces our new volunteer coordinator, Lauren Husting and makes plans for the the summer Garden Party on Aug. 3.Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews Garden plans for 2014 which include the Boardwalk, a plant census, a birding festival, more plantings and educational programs for children. Interview with Friends Board member Melissa Hansen. Naturalist Karen Katz writes about Phenology. Naturalist Donna Thottungal writes of cooperation between plants. Summary report on the work done by the Friends Invasive Plant Action Group.
61-3 61-3Hi Fall 2013 President Pam reviews the past season and the Volunteer Appreciation Event held in November. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the efforts of the Garden Naturalists this past season and plans ongoing for the Boardwalk in the Marsh. MPRB Naturalist Liz Heck writes about Sedges in the Garden; MPRB Naturalist writes about A Fascination with Fungi and there is a year-end report of the work done by the Friends Invasive Plant Action Group, along with various committee reports.
61-2 61-2Hi Summer 2013 President Pam goes with the kids seeing what kids learn from a Naturalist's talk and then reviews the subparts of how the Friends help the Garden. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the very late spring start of the season, the summer Bee Survey, new plantings and how Eloise Butler may have adapted to climate change. An interview with volunteer, Friend's Board member and past president Gloria Miller; details of the Florilegium project; bio's on this season's Garden Naturalists; committee reports.
61-1 61-1Hi Spring 2013 President's letter reviews the volunteer event and lists goals and projects for 2013. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins writes of our need to cherish the nature we have. Three plants that are the first signs of spring are reviewed. Committee reports and why downed trees are left where they are.
60-3 60-3Hi Fall 2012 President's letter discusses the 60th Anniversary Garden Party and changes coming in the Newsletter. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews the Garden plantings in 2012 and the progress on invasive removal. MPRB Naturalist Donna Thottungal describes clouds in part II of a II part article; plus committee reports.
60-2 60-2Hi Spring 2012 President's letter discusses the events planned for this years 60th anniversary of the Friends. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews her plans for the season, including the addition of bee hives to the Garden. A profile is published of volunteer Liz Anderson; MPRB Naturalist Donna Thottungal describes clouds in part I of a II part article; plus committee reports.
60-1 60-1Hi Winter 2011/2012 President's letter describes winter events and updates us on the Friends efforts to raise money for the Cary George Wetland Project. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins describes the fall and early winter work in the Garden and updates on the wetland project. MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer explains in "A Tale of Two Owls" how our two largest owls, the Barred and the Great Gray, raise their young. Friends Board Member Donna Ahrens interviews John and Joan Haldeman, married in the Garden in 1981, and they reflect on their 30 years together with the Garden. MPRB Naturalist Donna Thottungal describes the theory of icicles. Committee Reports.
59-4 59-4Hi Fall 2011 President's letter describes how delightful autumn can be; reviews the upcoming volunteer appreciation event and updates us on the Friends efforts to raise money for the Cary George Wetland Project. Garden Curator Susan Wilkins describes the large number of summer educational programs that were attended by many school children. The Garden's program coordinator, Loren Borer, is interviewed by Donna Ahrens and we learn about her background and why she liked the Garden. MPRB Naturalist Donna Thottungal looks as some of the strangest fungi that you may encounter. Committee reports.
59-3 59-3Hi Summer 2011 President's letter about the unusual early summer weather and Eloise Butler's comments about a similar season in 1925. Curator reviews the early 2011 Garden events - the tornado, work by the Invasives Action Group, spring wildflower planting. Book Review of An Osprey Summer. Article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on "Eyeshine". Interview with longtime member Joy Davis. Committee reports.
59-2 59-2Hi Spring 2011 Presidents' letter on Spring and the new Cary George Wetland Project; Curator's notes on volunteer effort of the 2010 season. Book Review of Who Really Killed Cock Robin. Florilegium project review; article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on "What's in a (Flower's) Name"; Committee reports.
59-1 59-1Hi Winter 2010/2011 President's letter & Garden Curator's notes - both reviewing the 2010 season. Book Review, 2010 volunteer activity report, 2010 report of the Invasive Plant Action Group. Illustrated article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on the magical qualities of "Water in Winter". Volunteer spotlight on Harriet Betzold.
58-4 58-4Hi Fall 2010 President's letter on the visual wonder of the Garden and how artists have interpreted it. Curator Susan Wilkins continues the same topic with notes on Garden art programs, the 2010 Garden Resident Artist and art programs affiliated with other organizations. Artistic images from the Garden by four Friends members are discussed; Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes about the color of bird feathers and why we see the colors the way we do.
58-3 58-3Hi Summer 2010 President's letter about the importance of individual actions and the work of The Friends. Curator's notes on the amount of volunteer time spent in the Garden so far this year. Spotlight on long-time volunteer Marie Demler; book reviews of two children's books; and a selection of nature photos taken by former Fringed Gentian™ editor, Lisa Locken.
58-2   Spring 2010 President's letter on 2010 expectations. Curator's notes on Spring Programs. How to get butterflies into your hand by Naturalist Diana Thottungal; Native Plants for Native Birds by Naturalist Tammy Mercer, Friends Committee reports on volunteering, invasive plants, membership, history and web site.
58-1   Winter 2009/2010 President's letter on the paying attention to nature. Curator's notes on handling invasive species in the Garden. Review of children's book "Owl Moon" of author Jane Yolen. Review of DNR booklet on Minnesota invasive plants. Article by Naturalist Diana Thottungal on the" Secret Life of Winter". Article by Tammy Mercer on the "My Life and Death as a Tree". November 2009 Volunteer Event photos.
57-4   Fall 2009 President's letter on the past Garden season and The Friends educational emphasis. Curator's notes on the need for natural places for the education of people about nature. Review of three children's books by Artist Lois Ehlert. Article by Naturalist Diana Thottungal on how different trees shed their leaves. Article by Donna Ahrens on a children's field trip to the Garden.
57-3   Summer 2009 President's letter on Eloise Butler's favorite flowers, Curator's notes on the replanting of Violet Way, Article on Bird Breeding Survey to take place in the Garden, Judy Bridell's new children's book, History Notes Sampler from 100 years of History. Retirement of Volunteer George Bridgman.
57-2   Spring 2009 President's letter on the beginning of the 102nd year of the Garden and Board of Directors opening, Curator's notes on spring, Volunteer information,. Articles on: Native Plant Diversity at Home, A Rookie's Top Five Wildflower Garden Experiences, History Notes Sampler from 100 years of History.
57-1   Winter 2008/09 President's recap of the 101st Garden season; Curator's notes on what kinds of work take place once the Garden closes for the season; article on how some creatures survive winter dormancy; Article on how some birds and animals stay active in the winter. Book review on "Letters from Yellowstone"; Photos from the Volunteer Appreciation Night.
56-4   Fall 2008 President's reflections on a morning in the Garden; Curator's notes on invasives and new tree and shrub planting; Phenology notes for summer 2008; "Meet the Mushrooms" illustrated article by Diana Thottungal; article on the early Saturday morning birding walks during the past season.
56-3   Summer 2008 President's notes on invasive removal progress and detailed report on such by Jim Proctor; book review of "Bring Nature Home"; Garden Phenology report on just one weeks events; poem by Bonnie Fisher; Garden Curator's notes; Kendra Bergstedt role-playing Eloise Butler; committee reports.
56-2   Spring 2008 President J. Pam Weiner's notes on spring; Greg Lecker on "Plant Profiles" of certain trees and shrubs in the Garden; book review of "Stikky™Trees"; spring welcome by Curator Susan Wilkins; listing of spring Garden programs; "Springtime Thoughts" by Judy Remington. First issue by new editor Judy Remington. Printed with color photos for the the first time.
56-1   Winter 2007/08 President's letter by J. Pam Weiner, "One Hundred Years of Vision" about Eloise Butler by Susan Wilkins, information on the new screen door to the shelter, 2007 in photos, photos of the 100 trees planting day, volunteer report by Ann Godfrey and volunteer profile of Ann, results of the 2007 photo contest, Larry Gravitz looking forward to spring, memorials in the Garden, "Planting for Winter Interest", poem by Phoebe Waugh. 12 pages.
55-3   Fall 2007 Initial President's letter by J. Pam Weiner, reviews of the 100th anniversary and the Birthday Bash, phenology highlights - summer 2007, bird migration, invasives update, volunteer report. 12 pages.
55-2   Summer 2007 Final President's letter by Steve Pundt, annual membership meeting report, Park Board plan update and South Wirth Woods Trail, Garden visitors log, invasives, new program coordinator at the Garden - Erin Dietrich. 10 pages.
  Spring 2007 100th Anniversary events schedule, new Garden tractor, South Wirth trails, memorial for Lisa Locken. (NOTE: When printed, this issue carried an incorrect volume number and issue date of 54-4, 2006)
54-4   Fall 2006 Autumn plantings, fall colors, leaf preservation, book review on The Songbirds Bible, phenology, Wirth trail information.
54-3   Summer 2006 Invasive removal plan for Wirth Park, 2006 annual meeting report, Garden Curator's report on mountain laurel, "Birding with Your Ears", phenology of early summer.
54-2   Spring 2006 Garden Curator's report on garlic mustard, "In the Spirit of Walden" with Bill Toivonen, are 2006 bloom dates earlier? birding phenology notes.
54-1   Winter 2005/06 Garden Curator's report on new things for 2006, how will climate change affect birds here, book review on Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.
53-4   Fall 2005 The Garden is a nature preserve, "Tremendous Trees in the Garden," "The Friends' Vision for South Wirth Woods," "Children as Naturalists."
53-3   Summer 2005 The buffer zone around the Garden threatened, "Cherishing Orchids, an Eloise Butler Legacy," "The Rewards of Summer Birding," dedication of the Ken Avery Birding Terrace, summer phenology.
53-2   Spring 2005 Completion of the back fence project and the Avery Birding Terrace, opening day in the Garden, new plantings, birding article, naturalists' phenology notes.
53-1   Winter 2004/05 Buffer zone around the Garden, great gray owl in the Garden, "The Restoration of Hepatica Hill," bird artwork by Harriet Betzold, remembering Ken Avery, Wm. Toivonen's memories of the Garden.
52-4   Fall 2004 Presidents letter on tracking trees in the Garden, Oak wilt in the Garden, late season phenology, meet our volunteers - Jim Proctor, "In Memory of Little Bat," book review on Butterflies of North America.
52-3   Summer 2004 Presidents letter on "A few new things in the Garden,"Garden Curator's" State of the Garden", late spring birding notes, "Lifelong Learning at the Garden," "Guest Book Tells a Positive Story," meet the volunteers - Katie Fournier.
52-2   Spring 2004 "Welcome to the New Garden Curator" ( Susan Wilkins), Notes from the Garden Curator, "Go Native" - native plant resources and societies, review of books on deer problems, naturalists log, meet the volunteers - Phoebe Waugh.
52-1   Winter 2004/03 Minnesota's migratory birds - "Where is Their True Home?", "50 Years of the Friends," Personal reflections of a naturalist - Willow Rheault, book review of Wildflowers of the BWCA and the North Shore, meet the volunteers - Nita Lussenhop.
51-4   Fall 2003 President Steve Pundt announces that Gardener Cary George is retiring and thanks him for his services to the Garden. Cary George writes his goodbye letter. Shelter volunteers of the past season are listed and thanked. MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes on the Marvels of Bird Migration. Friends Member Kathy Connelly writes about our wildflowers best friends - the bees. The Garden naturalists have excerpts from their daily log and the book Wild Woods Guide is reviewed.
51-3   Summer 2003 Gardener's notes on "Our Valuable Tree Canopy," Summer Solstice in the Garden, "The Garden as Therapist," book review of Gardening with Prairie Plants, summer phenology.
51-2   Spring 2003 Concerns about Park Board budget cuts, Gardener's notes on "Protection of Our Most Fragile Plant Populations," spring phenology, book review of Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac, meet the volunteers - Harriet Betzold.
51-1   Winter 2003/02 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition, includes a reprint of the first Fringed Gentian of January 1953, Garden Curator's notes "A Kit Dies in the Garden," book review of Aldo Leopold's "The River of the Mother of God."
50-4   Fall 2002 President's letter on "A Delicate Balance," Gardener's notes - "Trees: The Backbone of our Woodland Garden," shadow images of 28 leaves collected from the Garden, book review of The Book of Herbal Wisdom, Using Plants as Medicine, fall phenology, meet the volunteer - Betty Bryan.
50-3   Summer 2002 Park Board honors The Friends for 50 years of assistance to the Garden, "It's About the Children" by Launa Ellison, mid-summer phenology, gardener's notes on "The Pea Family Thrives in Hot Prairie Sun," "Mosquito Memories," book review of Weeds of the Northern US & Canada, meet the volunteers - Debbie Norgaard and Joe Schwartz.
50-2   Spring 2002 Gardener's notes on gypsy moths, photos and notes on The Friends 50th Anniversary celebration in the Garden on Mother's Day, "Tale of a Tanager," book review on What's Doin' the Bloomin'? meet the volunteer - Gloria Miller.
50-1   Winter 2001/02 "Story of the First Friend" by Steve Pundt, 1950s essay by Friends founder Clinton Odell, Gardener's notes on "Evergreens for Future Generations," "Winter Botanizing." book review of Noah's Garden, meet the volunteer - Shirley Schultz.
49-4   Fall 2001 Gardener's notes on "The Bog Survives,", review of a hand held bird sound identification device, article on Indian hemp, book review of Northland Wildflowers, revised edition, meet the volunteers - Constance Pepin.
49-3   Summer 2001 President's letter on garlic mustard, Gardener's report on "State of the Garden," article on rattlesnake-root, article on purple loosestrife "The Good Bugs are Winning," meet the volunteers - J. Pam Weiner.
49-2   Spring 2001 President's notes on Eloise Butler and birds, "Seasonal Checklist Created to Document Birds in the Garden Area," Gardener's notes on spring bloom times and the cities wood duck population, "Families are Focus of Educational Programs," meet the volunteers - Marie Demler.
49-1   Winter 2000/01 Gardener's notes on signage in the garden - a new look, "Garden Mammals Await Spring," native landscape sources, meet the volunteers - Lyle Johnson.
48-4   Fall 2000 President's message on Eloise Butler, "When the Witch hazel Blooms" by George Bridgman, poem "fall equinox" by Lon Miller, Gardener's notes on Cedar shaving mulches and Gentians in the Garden, meet the volunteers - Ann Hall, surprise gift of an old herbarium to the Garden.
48-3   Summer 2000 President's message on "Let Nature be our Teacher," Gardener's notes on "From Tall to Tallest in the Summer Garden," "City Kids Learn About Trees" by Ann Godfrey, "Recycling on the Forest Floor" by Susan Wilkins, how to capture bird songs to disk by Richard Peet, Stelten family - "Three Generations Appreciate the Garden," meet the volunteers - George Bridgman.
48-2   Spring 2000 President's letter on the well at the Great Medicine Spring, "Orchids in the Garden" - Gardener's notes, Unusual Trees that Grow in the Garden," by Tegwin Moye, "What do the Naturalists Do?" by Marylynn Pulscher, meet the volunteers - Judy Jones.
48-1   Winter 2000/99 President's letter on volunteers, "Heritage Trees" in the Garden by Cary George, "The Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden is Bigger Than its Borders" - an article on the buffer zone, treasures found in the Martha Crone Shelter attic.
    Beginning with the volume below and backward through Fall 1971, the published volume numbers on The Fringed Gentian™ were incorrect, sometimes by as much as three years off. This error began after Martha Crone retired as editor. The volume number at the left that is the link to an issue is the correct chronological number. The number in brackets is the incorrect number that is published on that issue.
47-3 (50-3)   Fall 1999 President's letter on native plants, "Native Grasses for Your Home Landscape" - Gardener's notes, actual size silhouette of five native grasses, poem "First Night of Frost" by Betty Bridgman, "Magic in the Wildflower Garden" by Cathie Baldwin.
47-2 (50-2)   Summer 1999 President's letter - first by Steve Pundt, Gardener's notes on prairie restoration, spring season notes, volunteer orientation report, "Porch Birding at the Wildflower Garden" by Willow Rheult.
47-1 (50-1)   Spring 1999 President's letter - last by Gloria Miller, poem "On Purple Bees and Poppies" by Jack Lynch, "The Garden and its Friends" by Harriet Betzold, late opening date, Gardener's notes on the Great Medicine Spring, egg collection found in North Minneapolis, Skunk Cabbage, spring program notes.
46-3 (49-3)   Winter 1998/1999 Proclamation of Eloise Butler Day by Governor Arne Carlson, Gardener's notes on The Great Medicine Spring, a log splitter, showy lady's slipper; "And They Named Him Y514" - story of an injured hawk in the Garden, poems "A Nut, A Squirrel" and "A Work for Box Elder" by Betty Bridgman, volunteer report for 1998.
46-2 (49-2)   Summer 1998 President Gloria Miller writes about the early spring, the restoration of the well at Great Medicine Spring. An article about butterfly gardens, the planned Eloise Butler Birthday party at the shelter on Aug. 2nd and a welcome for new members.
46-1 (49-1)   Spring 1998 Gardener Cary George writes about the spring weather, the re-modeled Gardener's shed, the loss of red oaks and his missing Ken Avery. The agenda for the Annual meeting is given and new members are welcomed.
45-4 (48-4)   Winter 1997 President Gloria Miller reflects on the passing on Nov. 19, 1997 of former gardener Ken Avery and Harriet Betzold writes "In Memory of Ken Avery." Harriet and Shirley Schultz give the volunteer report for 1997. New members are welcomed.
45-3 (48-3)   Fall 1997 President's letter - first by Gloria Miller (in this her second time as president), "Those Amazing Composites" by Stacy Skinner, Gardener's notes on garden projects, "Late August Birding" by Sara Gallagher.
45-2 (48-2)   Summer 1997 President's Letter- last by Harriet Betzold, 44th Annual membership meeting minutes, volunteers honored by the Park Board, "The Prairie Herbarium" by Cathie Baldwin, Gardener's notes on garlic mustard and other aggressors, "Do Trees Die of Old Age?", two poems by Preben Mosborg.
45-1 (48-1)   Spring 1997 President's letter, Minneapolis Star Tribune article "This Wonderful Garden" by Darlene Pfister, Gardener's notes on off season projects, notes on spring outdoor cleaning by the Park Board, Garden opening and other notes.
44-3 (47-2)   Winter 1996 President's letter on the Garden, gardener notes about Garden projects, and bees, minutes from the 1996 Annual Membership Meeting, "15 simple things you can do to avoid harming wildlife," volunteer report for 1996.
44-2 (47-1)   Summer 1996 (1995) [Issue mistakenly dated Summer 1995] President's letter on the spring Garden, "What's the best time to visit, " Naturalist's notes on plants and insects. NOTE: This issue was published with a 1995 date.
44-1 (46-1)   Spring 1996 President's letter, Gardener's notes on spring activity.
43-3 (45-3)   Winter/fall 1995 President's letter reflecting on the past year, "The Fringed Gentian" - the background of the name, several poems, "The Memory Jar" by E. D. Hatle - a story of Eloise, reprint of The Friends Mission Statement.
43-2 (45-2)   Summer 1995 President's letter, minutes of the 1995 Annual Membership Meeting, poem "Morning at Eloise Butler Wild Flower Garden" by Preben Mosborg.
43-1 (45-1)   Spring 1995 President's letter, Gardener's notes on recent activity and oak wilt, new editor announcement.
42-4 (44-4)   Winter 1995/94 President's letter on Garden activity, "Our Upland Garden: A Restored Prairie" by Elaine Christenson, early March flowers, spring migrating bird sighting dates from 1991, endangered status proposed for "Shooting star," "Friends' Volunteer Program Celebrates 25 Years of Service," 1994 volunteer review.
42-3 (44-3)   Fall 1994 Cary George reviews Martha Hellander's book on Eloise butler. Status of native and non-native plants in the Garden, update on Historic Register proposal.
42-2 (44-2)   Summer 1994 Formation of a committee to nominate the Garden to the National Historic Register. Gardener Cary George writes of the unusual high water levels and new plantings. New membership directory, notes from the annual meeting held May 21, new board members and retiring ones.
42-1 (44-1)   April-May 1994 President Joyce Smeby writes on the signs of spring. Concerns about the Park Board having to make the Garden compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Gardener Cary George writes on putting up wood duck boxes, new plantings, and the fencing of the new prairie addition. List of special plants in the Garden, passing of Allan Odell, membership news, Arizona Garden Visit.
41-4 (43-4)   Winter (Dec) 1993 President's letter of Joyce Smeby, report on "Expansion of the Garden's Prairie," Garden Curator's notes on new plants and native plant sources, Minneapolis Star Tribune article reprint "Come Winter, We Need Another State Bird" by Don Osell, cataloging of books in the shelter, volunteer of the year - Shirley Schultz.
41-3 (43-3)   Fall 1993 Notes from President Joyce Smeby, gardener Cary George's notes, membership notes, quotes from the visitor's book, fall program calendar, Garden structure updates - Mallard Pool, back gate, prairie stones.
41-2 (43-2)   Summer 1993 Notes from president Joyce Smeby, photo of new Friends' board members, notes from Gardener Cary George on bloom dates and the walking fern, summer program calendar, M. Hellander's book wins Minnesota Book Award. Annual Meeting report, Elaine Christenson honored. Membership notes.
41-1 (43-1)   April & May 1993 Presidents note to enjoy Spring in the Garden, Gardener's notes of the past winter, membership notes, article on Protection of Minnesota's Endangered Species, spring program calendar.
40-4 (42-4)   December 1992 Notes from Gardener Cary George, Naturalists notes for 1992, recipes for your bird feeding station, volunteer list for the past year, special recognition by Park Board of Elaine Christenson.
40-3 (42-3)   Fall 1992 Historical perspective on Clinton M. Odell, Gardener's notes, list of asters and goldenrod in the Garden, notes from President Joyce Smeby, membership notes, fall Garden programs.
40-2 (42-2)   Summer 1992 40th anniversary issue, background on the Friends, Gardener's notes, birding report, volunteer event and Eloise Butler birthday event, with special wildflower stamp to be sold at the Garden, new Friends President Joyce Smeby, annual meeting notes, membership notes, news of other gardens, Summer Garden programs, info from Martha Hellander's book. 12 pages.
40-1 (42-1)   March 1992 President Ann Kessen reflects on the "wild" part of the Garden, Cary George's notes on renovation of the back gate area, annual meeting notice, promotional info on Martha Hellander's new book on Eloise Butler, May program list.
39-4 (41-4)   December 1991 Review of the life of Eloise Butler, Gardener Cary George's notes on Garden mammals, Naturalists notes, Presidents notes on the season, announcement of the publication date of Martha Hellander's book on Eloise Butler. Membership and memorial updates.
39-3 (41-3)   October 1991 President Ann Kessen notes Autumn in the Garden and her son off to college, notes from Gardener Cary George, Naturalists notes, organic markets and environmental news, comments from the visitors book.
39-2   July 1991 Presidents note on using summer to relax, Gardener Cary George's notes, report on the passing of former Friends' President Cay Faragher, Annual Meeting notes, change of membership chairperson from Pat Thomesen to Betty Bryan.
39-1   May 1991 President Ann Kessen notes spring cleaning at the Shelter, revision of the By-laws and upcoming talk by Martha Hellander, notes from Cary George, Annual meeting agenda, spring birding early arrivals.
38-4   Dec. 1990 Ann Kessen discusses Garden project, Martha Crones slide collection, Martha Hellanders book work. Cary George reviews the springs near the Garden and gives a list of wells on Park Board property. Naturalists notes on the Summer Season.
38-3   Sept. 1990 Ann Kessen reviews the new front gate project, Cary George writes on trees in the Garden and the Mpls Heritage Tree project, Mary Lerman reviews other Park Board projects.
38-2   June 1990 President Ann Kessen reports of the events of the Annual Meeting in the Garden, this issue is the last for editor Betty Bridgman, Kathy Stennes will take over, notes on how the new birdbath in the prairie was obtained, notes from Gardener Cary George, membership update.
38-1 (40-1)   March 1990 President Ann Kessen notes on Robins and the spring opening of the Garden, Cary George writes about the winter and spring issues in the Garden including deerm fires, foxes; Mary Lerman reports on more Garden updates, note on the death of Martha Crone's daughter Janet the prior year on May 27.
37-4 (39-4)   Sept. 1989 President Ann Kessen gives some of Martha Hellander's research notes. Cary George's summer Garden notes, volunteer list, Naturalist report, October programs, Park Board scheduled improvements to the Garden, membership additions.
37-3 (39-3)   July 1989 President's notes, summer garden programs, Gardener's notes about deer in the garden and the bluebird project, Mary Lerman's notes on other Park Board projects, revised Mission Statement of The Friends.
37-2 (39-2)   April 1989 President Ann Kessen writes on volunteering at the Garden with her 11 year old son; May Garden programs, Gardener's notes on spring season and transplants from Martha Crone's Garden, deer drive, dry-up of Great Medicine Spring, volunteer and membership notes.
37-1 (39-1)   March 1989 President Ann Kessen see snowflakes but thinks of the first spring flowers, April Garden programs, an early March walk with Cary George, Jan. board meeting notes, membership changes. The death of Martha Crone.
36-4 (38-4)   September 1988 President Ann Kessen speaks of Autumn, September programs are listed. The seasons list of Shelter volunteers is published. Gardener's notes. New members list.
36-3 (38-3)   July 1988 Newly elected President Ann Kessen' first letter. Gardener Cary George discusses the effects of the drought on the Garden. August programs are listed. News of the Parks.
36-2 (38-2)   May 1988 President Gloria Miller announces a volunteer reception for June, introduces Martha Hellander. Gardener Cary George provides spring notes. Spring programs are listed. List of bird sightings. Notice of death of Dr. Marion Grimes.
36-1 (38-1)   April 1988 President Gloria Miller notes the the Friends new Gift Book is printed, that the new Garden Guidebook is printed. The Children's Garden in Wirth Park is described. Wirth Park updates. The new trail map of the Garden.
35-4 (37-4)   September 1987 President Gloria Miller puts up a copy of an essay from Audubon by Hal Borland about Fall. Gardener Cary George provides notes of what happened in the Garden during the summer and plants added. A list of Shelter volunteers is provided and some naturalist's notes.
  August 1987 President's letter from Gloria Miller about the "Summer Pleasures" day at the Garden and the special planting to be done for Ken Avery. Roster of new officers and directors for the coming year, Goodbye letter from Ken Avery.
  May 1987 President's letter from Gloria Miller about the highway construction. Notes from Gardener Cary George about the soil moisture deficit and the record early bloom dates for a number of spring flowers. Spring programs at the Garden, questions most asked of volunteers.
35-1 (37-1)   March 1987 President Gloria Miller announces the Ken Avery has retired as Gardener and that Cary George will be the new Gardener. The development of the Quaking Bog in Wirth Park is reviewed. The Burgess fountain at the front entrance is noted. A chart for the climate of Minneapolis is presented.
34-4 (36-4)   Oct. 1986 President Gloria Miller reports that the upland Garden drinking fountain, a memorial to Dr. Daniel Nordquist has been installed. A page is devoted to the conservation of wild flowers and the Minnesota statute about such is printed. A list of the 46 volunteers who staffed the Shelter is presented. The Minneapolis Heritage Tree program information is printed.
34-3 (36-3)   Aug. 1986 Gloria Miller writes her first report as the new President of the Friends, reporting that the Garden on Aug. 3rd was Mpls/St. Paul Magazine's Summer Pleasures Day. A report of the Garden tours of that day is given. August Garden programs, the Park Board's free wood chip location and the count of elms lost to Dutch Elm in Minneapolis is given.
34-2 (36-2)   May 1986 President Pat Thomesen's last message as president announces the slate for Board of Directors for the annual meeting and that Barb Delaney was chosen to do a Garden census funded by the Friends. Late spring classes are listed, gifts and memorials are listed and Gerald Ownbey's new book on Common Minnesota Wildflowers is announced. Many sketches for the book were done in the Garden.
34-1 (36-1)   April 1986 Pat Thomesen's Presidents message reports on the break-in at the Shelter, gives notice of the Friends Annual Meeting and reviews the Friends funding plans for the Garden this year. The Park Board announces the work to be done in creating the Quaking Bog in Wirth Park just outside the Garden area. The new trail map of the Garden is printed.
33-4 (35-4)   Sept. 1985 President Pat Thomesen reviews the fall Garden hours and memorials received. She announces the death of Wilbur Tusler who was a generous Friend and chairman of the building committee for construction of the Martha Crone Shelter in 1969-70. The list of 41 shelter volunteers is printed.
33-3 (35-3   Aug. 1985 President Thomesen reports that the Garden on Aug. 20th will be Mpls/St. Paul Magazine's Summer Pleasures Day. An introduction to the Garden for volunteers is listed; historian Cindy Berg reports on finding missing copies of our Newsletter; summer Garden programs are listed and a list of books needed for the shelter library is given.
33-2 (35-2)   June 1985 The events of the Annual Meeting are given, Gardener Ken Avery reports on the early spring. The recipients of The Friends' small grant program are announced. New Park Board foreman of horticulture, Dan Hasty, is introduced. A list of books purchased for the Shelter library is given.
33-1 (35-1)   March 1985 President's letter about the opening of the Garden and the annual meeting. A report from the Garden Naturalists about what they did in 1984 and plans for the 1985 season is printed. A list of books needed and a plea for volunteers is given.
32-4 (34-3)   Dec. 1984 Information on the search for missing back issues. Uses of Yarrow in architecture and search for some in November, letter from Mary Maguire Lerman of the Park Board about the Garden naturalists and update on the Rock Garden project. Membership news.
32-3 (34-3)   Oct. 1984 President Pat Thomesen writes about preparing white oak acorns for eating. Notes and comments from the volunteer's appreciation event held in the summer. List of volunteers. Info on forming your own wild flower garden. Membership information.
32-2 (34-2)   July 1984 New President Pat Thomesen reports on the Annual Meeting held on May 19th. Small grants to students were announced. The Park Board reports on restoration work on the Lake Harriet Rock Garden. Membership news and new member list.
32-1 (34-1)   April 1984 Outgoing President Caroline Price writes of why the Garden is so beneficial. Editors report on attending a Wild Edible Foods conference. Membership news.
31-3 (33-3)   November 1983 President's notes on Board activities; Garden notes from the fall season. Membership gift ideas for the holidays.
31-2 (33-2)   July 1983 President's report on the annual meeting and announcement of recipients of small study grants; volunteer information and highlights on certain volunteers.
31-1 (33-1)   March 1983 Notes from Dr. Marion Grimes on Henry Thoreau's visit to Minnesota and to visit her Grandfather; report on one of the small study grant projects.
30-4 (32-4)   Autumn 1982 Notes from president; appointment of Friends' first historian, Pat Thomesen; criteria established for the new Eliason Honor Roll Plaque; list of shelter volunteers; editor role turns over to Betty Bridgman.
30-3 (32-3)   Summer 1982 Friends' 30th anniversary poem by Betty Bridgman; introductory letter from new President Caroline Price.
30-2 (32-2)   Spring 1982 President's report on the 30th anniversary annual meeting, announcement of small study grant recipients; Caroline Price becomes president; list of shelter volunteers; letter from former president Moana Odell Beim;
30-1 (32-1)   Winter 1982 President's report on Friends' activity and planning for the Garden's 75th anniversary; uses of the small study grant money; Institute of Museum Services praises The Friends.
29-4 (31-4)   Autumn 1981 End of season report, list of volunteers; article on common plantain; problems with wild cats in the Garden.
29-3 (31-3)   Summer 1981 Report on Minneapolis' urban forest. Report on the annual meeting; report on recipients of the small study grants; article on Goldenrods.
29-2 (31-2)   Spring 1981 Notice of annual meeting; info on new Parks superintendent David Fisher; list of volunteers; article on Common Milkweed; copy of press release on the opening of the Garden and the change in entrance to one-way.
29-1 (31-1)   Winter 1981 President's report on Board activity; report on how to make a bog; article on Red-osier dogwood; list of programs at other parks.
28-4 (28-4)   Autumn 1980 President Deweese's notes on Board activity; list of shelter volunteers; notes on long range planning by the Park Board for Theodore Wirth Park; proposal of the Friends to the Park Board on the continuing development of the Garden; article on White Snakeroot.
28-3 (30-3)   Summer 1980 Introductory letter from new president Lynn Deweese; list of places Garden visitors came from in 1979; notes on Friends business needs, reprint of Betty Bridgman's poem for the dedication of the Martha Crone Shelter; article on Wild Sarsaparilla.
28-2 (30-1)   Spring 1980 Annual meeting report, recipients of small study grants, volunteer list, report on the small study grant work, article on Horse-tails, the Equisetum genus.
28-1 (30-1)   Winter 1980 Gardener Ken Avery notes the changes in philosophy governing the Garden, notice of the annual meeting, further conversation with new Park Board superintendent Charles Spears; more information on the draft of the 1st visitors guide to the Garden.
27-4 (29-4)   Autumn 1979 Gardener Ken Avery's report of the wet year when he did not have to water and cleaning the bog pools; president's report, volunteer list, further conversation with new Park Board superintendent Charles Spears; information on the draft of the 1st visitors guide to the Garden.
27-3 (29-3)   Summer 1979 Annual meeting notes, list of first study grant recipients. New Friends President John Murtfeldt introduces himself, volunteer news, Gardener's report on strange activities near the Garden, conversation with new Park Board superintendent Charles Spears.
27-2 (29-2)     There was no issue between Spring and Summer, the number 29-3 on the Summer issue should have been 29-2, and so on for the fall issue.
27-1 (29-1)   Spring 1979 Gardener's notes on the late spring, water in Great Medicine Spring, and Skunk Cabbage, notes from President Dean, volunteer reports, notes on the lady's-slippers.
26-4 (28-4)   Autumn 1978 Gardener's notes on Autumn, President Dean's notes on the future of the Garden, list of Shelter volunteers, miscel.
26-3 (28-3   Summer 1978 Why the Garden is "wild", annual meeting report, Mary Maguire's notes, volunteer report on the crowds in to see the Showy Lady's-slipper in June, notes on other gardens, Gardener Ken Avery's report on creating a floating sphagnum bog in the Garden
26-2 (28-2)   Spring 1978 Gardener Ken Avery reflects on changes in the Garden during his tenure. President Dean announces the creation of a grant program for teachers and students to study nature. List of volunteers.
26-1 (28-1)   Winter 1978 Pat Deweese reports on an evenings visit with Martha Crone. Gardener's report, Annual meeting notice, committee reports.
25-4 (27-4)   Autumn 1977 Gardener Ken Avery reflects on the season, President Dean's notes, joint educational projects between the Friends and the Park Board, volunteer report, common sunflower, fall gardening notes.
25-3 (27-3)   Summer 1977 Report on the 25th annual meeting of the Friends with Martha Crone and others in attendance. Gardener Ken Avery reports of the earliest spring he has encountered with record early bloom dates. Mary Maguire reports on new plants for the Garden. Membership notes.
25-2 (27-2)   Spring 1977 Gardener Ken Avery reports on the dry conditions and on many changes in the Park Board personnel and reporting structure. Letter from President Alex Dean. Friends create first membership brochure. Retirement of editor Evie Chadbourn.
25-1 (27-1)   Winter 1977 Two plus pages are devoted to the topic of snow. Ken Avery reports on Dutch Elm progress and peat fires in the Garden.
24-4 (26-4)   Autumn 1976 Presidents letter, Ken Avery reports on being laid up with a bad leg, and on the number of elms lost in the Garden. New member list, volunteer list. Editor Evie Chadbourn writes about vanishing gulls.
24-3 (26-3)   July 1976 Editor Evie Chadbourn writes on the differences of bogs, marshes, swamps and forests. Curator Ken Avery speaks of the very early spring and birds in the Garden. New Friends' President Alex Dean offers a note. New members, memorials, annual meeting notes.
24-2 (26-2)   April 1976 Martha Crone contributes a note on "Spring is Alive". Annual meeting notice. President Moana Beim reports on her winter visit in Florida while curator Ken Avery reports that spring is the latest ever and on the removal of dead elms. The editor reports on spring in Guatemala, new member list.
24-1 (26-1)   Jan. 1976 President Moana Beim notes the importance of individuals in preserving the wild areas including this Garden and makes a plea for more young members. Quotes from Clinton Odell and Henry Thoreau. New Gentian editor.
23-4 (26-4)   Oct. 1975 Gardener Ken Avery writes of changes in the Garden over the years, including the newly redone front gate and the new path from there to the Shelter, and also of the many dead elms that must be removed. New President Moana Odell Beim writes about meetings with the Park Board on the improvements mentioned by Ken Avery, a shelter break-in and the loss of the Fringed Gentian's™ editor. Gordon Morrison, Parks coordinator of Environmental Education writes about the Kentucky Coffeetree.
23-3 (25-3)   July 1975 Ken Avery reports on the late bloom of the Showy Lady's-slipper; report of the Friends annual meeting held on May 17th; Retirement of Bob Dassett as President; list of Friend's contributions to the Garden in the past year; list of new members and volunteers; tips on growing wild flowers; the Chadbourns go birding in Morocco.
23-2 (25-2)   April 1975 President Dassett reports that the Garden front gate will be rehabilitated this year. Ken Avery reports on the removal of diseased elm trees from in and near the Garden plus more updates on the nesting of the Great Horned Owl. Some poems, members notes and an article on the X-ray photos of flowers by Dr. Albert Richards.
23-1 (25-1)   Jan 1975 Notes from President Dassett, Gardener Ken Avery reports on new and past activity from the Great Medicine Spring and other springs near the Garden. Update on former president and founding member Dorothy Binder. Update on other members. Poem by Betty Bridgman and note that she donated her book on poetry to the Friends.
22-4 (24-4)   Oct. 1974 Gardener Ken Avery discusses cultural practices of controlling woody growth in the Prairie Garden. President Dassett review recent Friends funding for the Garden and his recent meeting with Martha Crone. Volunteer report. Members news a book review of Wildflowers and Weeds
22-3 (24-3)   July 1974 Gardener Ken Avery reports on the acquisition of some Stemless Pink Lady's-slippers and some Ram's Head Lady's-slippers. President Dassett writes on spring birding while in England. Report from the annual meeting, shelter volunteer update.
22-2 (24-2)   April 1974 Gardener Ken Avery has more information to add about owls in the Garden (see 21-1) and also reports of several break-ins at the Garden. President Dassett has comments on Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac. Former President Cay Faragher reports of a group of unusual winter birds arriving.
22-1 (24-1)   Jan 1974 Gardener Ken Avery reports of how skiers have discovered the area around the Garden. Memorial notes for Friends benefactors Alvin Witt and Mrs. Gerald Burgess. President Dassett reflects on the Fringed Gentian's™ 22 year history. Clinton Odell's daughter, Moana, writes a tribute to him.
21-4 (25-4)   Oct. 1973 Gardener Ken Avery adds to the squirrel story from the last issue, continues his Garden history and comments on the upland garden in the fall - too much sumac and lots of downy gentians. Letter from President Robert Dassett on Garden projects. List of volunteers and new members.
21-3 (24-3)   July 1973 Gardener Ken Avery presents his famous squirrel story and continues with his Garden history. Report of the Annual Meeting held on May 12th. List of new members and a letter from Martha Crone thanking the Board for granting her a life membership.
21-2 (23-2)   April 1973 Gardener Ken Avery writes about the Garden coming alive for the earliest spring he remembers, update on the Great Medicine Spring. President Robert Dassett writes about a new nature trail in Wisconsin. Ken Avery continues the history begun in the previous issue.
21-1 (23-1)   Jan. 1973 Gardener Ken Avery writes about unusual occurrences in the Garden - the death of the spring, return of the Great Horned Owl and the Saw-whet Owl. He also gives a brief history of the Garden's early years, update on the Great Medicine Spring. President Robert Dassett presents two poem from a local poet, Clell Gannon.
20-4 (22-4)   Fall 1972 Gardener Ken Avery writes about losing a large elm in the Garden, President Robert Dassett, reports about Friends activities, editor Mildred Olson writes about visiting the home of the Audubon family in PA. List of new members.
20-3 (22-3)   Summer 1972 Gardener Ken Avery writes about the spring season at the Garden, letter from Parks Superintendent Gordon Morrison about preserving natural areas, list of new members, and a list of shelter volunteers.
20-2 (21-2)   Spring 1972 Friends president Robert Dassett writes of changes coming to the Garden in the spring. Protected wild flowers is discussed, spring flowers reviewed, pollution, and bird notes about red polls are given.
20-1 (21-1)   Winter 1972 Gardener Ken Avery writes about the Garden in mid-winter and the close of the past season, update on the Great Medicine Spring; a report is given on the bird count at Hawk Ridge, and the new book "Common Wild Flowers of Minnesota" by Gerald Ownbey is given.
19-4 (20-4)   Fall 1971 Curator Ken Avery writes about a busy season at the Garden, update on the Great Medicine Spring; new President Robert Dassett writes his notes about the Garden, past president Cay Faragher provides more notes on the Garden,
19-3   Summer 1971 New editor Mildred Olson begins as editor of the Fringed Gentian. She reports on the Friends Annual Meeting, on new members, lists those volunteering at the shelter, notes the sighting of a rare bird in the area - a "Ruff". Garden Curator Ken Avery reports on what's happening at the Garden.
19-2   Spring 1971 Martha Crone edits her last edition of the Fringed Gentian, she writes about spring, a tour through the Garden, mushroom hunting, new citrus fruits, saving our wild flower heritage, the annual bird count of the Minn. Ornithological Union, pistachio nuts, and lists new members. President Cay Faragher notes the replacements for Martha Crone's positions and a new volunteer coordinator.
19-1   Winter 1971 Martha Crone writes about winter, observations from a helicopter, marks the 20th anniversary of The Friends and the 19th of The Fringed Gentian, looks forward to spring, writes about the Water Ouzel. President Cay Faragher announces the retirement of Martha Crone from the position of Friends Secretary/Treasurer and Fringed Gentian editor.
18-4   Fall 1970 Martha Crone writes about autumn colors, pollution Witch Hazel, the monarch butterfly,fall bird migration, the use of leaf mulch. She gives a list of new members and President Cay Faragher thanks volunteers and remarks about Garden visitors from abroad.
18-3   Summer 1970 Martha Crone writes about A Song of Summer, white pelicans, boxelder bugs, and gives her thanks for the new Garden shelter dedicated in her name. She reports on the Annual Meeting of the Friends that was the first to be held in the new shelter. Friends president Cay Faragher gives her report. New member list included.
18-2   April 1970 Martha Crone writes on "Signs of Spring", the early flowers, new members, an easy soil test, spring mushrooming, the early bird migration, President Cay Faragher's letter on the dedication of the Shelter and the new volunteer needs to staff it.
18-1   January 1970 Martha Crone writes of winter hours, her north shore visit, memorials received, bird notes, new member list, President Cay Faragher's letter updating on the shelter construction and the need for more donations.
17-4   October 1969 Martha Crone writes of "Autumns Golden Interlude", bird migration - who stays, hardy lilies, slugs in the garden, the conservation needed for Lake Superior, a list of new members, the loon, philodendrons, and a letter from President Cay Faragher announcing the start of construction of the new Garden shelter.
17-3   July 1969 Martha Crone writes of "Summer's Glory", report of the annual meeting of the Friends, Memorial for Margaret Tusler, Wintergreen, usefulness of ants, Evening Grosbeaks, and a letter from President Catherine Faragher.
17-2   Spring 1969 Martha Crone writes of the Joys of Springtime, which plants work best for a bog garden, spring mushroom hunting, spring bird migration, the value of fertilizing and spices.
17-1   Winter 1969 [last two pages missing] Martha Crone writes about winter, the snow bunting, insect sprays. Friends president Cay Faragher provides the first commentary on plans for the new Garden Shelter.
16-4   Fall 1968 Martha Crone writes about autumn, an autumn garden stroll, preparing your bird feeders for winter, the Partridge berry, Heliotrope, Autumn on the north shore, the ruby throated hummingbird, a winter terrarium, False Dragonhead and reports on new members of the Friends and the memorial in the Garden to Amy Odell that was erected this past summer.
16-3   Summer 1968 Martha Crone writes about the height of summer, black flies, report of the annual meeting of The Friends, strange antics of some birds, dogs, the balsam fir, and reports on the progress of the Fern Hill in the Garden.
16-2   Spring 1968 Martha Crone gives a salute to spring and writes about the mystery of the First Robin, the milky way, wilderness appreciation, the ruffled grouse, Hepaticas, the monarch butterfly and flower fragrances.
16-1   Winter 1968 Martha Crone writes about the silvery winter look, earliest march plants, seed catalogs, the chocolate tree, Tangelo seeds, the Orion constellation and gives her quarterly bird notes and a welcome to new members of the Friends.
15-4   Fall 1967 Martha Crone writes on the days of autumn, autumn on the north shore, the August Lily, aggressive plants, trumpeter swans, notable visitors to the Garden this past summer, Franklin's gulls, tree growth, the unusual weather of this past year and gives her quarterly bird notes.
15-3   Summer 1967 Martha Crone writes about the spell of summer and the Thunder Moon, soybeans, Mignonette (Reseda odorata), Venus, advises to plan a spring garden now and gives her quarterly bird notes, a report on the Friends annual meeting and more about her cabin on the north shore.
15-2   Spring 1967 Martha Crone writes about the beauty of spring, the revival of the spring garden, blending wild flowers with cultivated flowers, maple sap, turnips, the sweet potato and gives her quarterly bird notes.
15-1   Winter 1967 Martha Crone writes about Stern Winter, observing the strange antics of the Fox Sparrow, house plants, the Whooping Crane, review of The Ghost Tree Speaks by Richard Dorer, invasive species liked and unliked.
14-4   Fall 1966 Martha Crone writes about October, herb magic, the shortening days of fall, some native orchids, success with establishing several plants in the Garden, plants for a dark corner of a room, the importance of insects and givers her quarterly bird notes plus a welcome to many new members of the Friends.
14-3   Summer 1966 Martha Crone writes about the joys of summer, white flowers for a wild flower garden,Sheep sorrel, a "wildflower corner" and gives her quarterly bird notes and a report on the Friends Annual Meeting.
14-2   Spring 1966 Martha Crone writes on "Tis spring again", trailing arbutus, Oconee-bells, Sweet Woodruff, Spring's end, a walk in the Wild Flower Garden, and gives her quarterly bird notes.
14-1   Winter 1966 Martha Crone writes about Winter's progress, bird feeding, the function of the Wild Flower Garden, the month of March, bird feeding, early spring flowers, house plants, and gives her quarterly bird notes.
13-4   Fall 1965 Martha Crone writes about the glory of October weather, Trumpeter Swans, Jerusalem Artichoke, the autumn season, winter mulch, white cedar, egrets and herons and the joy of a stroll among ferns and wild flowers.
13-3   Summer 1965 Martha Crone writes about a touch of summer, the Minnesota state bird - the Common loon, Indian Pipe, Cassia Buds, late summer flowers, the Humpbacked black fly, bay leaves, Trillium planting time and reports on the spring Garden tour and open house
13-2   Spring 1965 Martha Crone writes about the first signs of spring, herbs and spices, the truffle, the Douglas fir, developing a wild flower corner in your yard, Grape Ivy, garden slugs and she gives her quarterly bird notes and reports on the Friends annual meeting.
13-1   Winter 1965 Martha Crone writes about the winter woods, the orchid cactus, the value of insects, animal camouflage, Monkshood and gives her quarterly bird notes plus more information on the addition to the Garden.
12-4   Fall 1964 Martha Crone writes about brief glimpses of fall, the Tangelo, popularity of wild flower gardens, the Colchicum lily, Herring Gulls, Zucchini squash, fireweed, the close of the growing season and gives her quarterly bird notes plus information on the addition to the Garden.
12-3   Summer 1964 Martha Crone writes the summer garden, the September "Harvest" moon, evergreen tree damage of the past spring, bulbs, fall planting and gives her quarterly bird notes and reports on the spring Garden tour and open house.
12-2   Spring 1964 Martha Crone writes about glimpses of spring, Dieffenbachia, mushroom hunting in the spring, the "Planting Moon", water chestnut. She gives her quarterly bird notes, a report on the Friends annual meeting, and writes about her cabin on the north shore.
12-1   Winter 1964 Martha Crone writes the silence of winter, sesame seed, silk-worm cocoons, the months of February and March, the new Pigeon River crossing into Canada, the lily and rose families, seed catalogs and gives her quarterly bird report plus more on the past season in the Garden
11-4   Fall 1963 Martha Crone writes about the Loom of Autumn, conservation, fall birds, white-tailed deer, how to make acid soil, Summer work done in the Garden, composting leaves and propagating Dieffenbachia. President Walter Lehnert writes about salvaging native plants
11-3   Summer 1963 Martha Crone writes of a Touch of Summer, troublesome moths, the advance of the season from south to north, beet and cane sugar, experimental plantings in the Garden, bird notes, and native plants for the home garden.
11-2   Spring 1963 Martha Crone welcomes spring, reminds us to plant a tree, urges care with chemical spraying, writes of May birds, sawdust mulch, whooping cranes, trumpeter swans, the Showy Lady's-slipper, and about establishing a wild garden. Information from the Friends Annual Meeting is given
11-1   Winter 1963 Martha Crone writes on winter, winter birds, the Sea Onion, unusual fruit, plant allergy from various plants, winter house plants, the Woolly Caterpillar. Former Friends president Dorothy Binder writes a memorial for George Luxton.
10-4   Fall 1962 Martha Crone writes of Autumn Hues, observations of the Minnesota state bird, the monarch butterfly, Christmas cactus, the autumn equinox, winter birds, poisonous mushrooms and reviews Wild Flowers of North America by Robert Lemmon and Charles Johnson. Also printed is a letter from Friends President Walter Lehnert.
10-3   Summer 1962 Martha Crone discusses Summer's Retreat, reports on the spring Garden tour, writes bird notes, writes about the Hermit Thrush, Kalanchoe Carnea, safflower, the skies of August, following the flowers north with the spring, and gives Dorothy Binder's review of Watchers at the Pond by Franklin Russell
10-2   Spring 1962 Martha Crone writes about the Interlude of Spring, bird notes, Oleander, the June Beetle, Cherimoya, making a colorful spring planting, of birds and picture windows, spring mushrooms. She reviews Wild Flower Guide by Edgar Wherry and reports of the Friend's annual meeting held March 13th.
10-1   Winter 1962 Martha Crone writes on winter storms and the January "Snow Moon"; reviews North with the Spring by Edwin Way Teale; she also writes about the Amaryllis, Herring Gulls, acid soil, Poinsettia, mushrooms, bird notes and reviews Wild Flowers by Homer House.
9-4   Fall 1961 Martha Crone writes about autumn colors, the hermit thrush, the Maidenhair tree, Burning Bush, defacing birch trees, a need for wilderness, a herb garden, the tomato; she reviews the progress on the new Fern Hill, and reviews Wild Flowers for Your Garden by Helen Hull.
9-3   Summer 1961 Martha Crone writes about the Glory of Summer Days, reviews Edwin Way Teale's book Journey into Summer; writes about the cultivation of the Minnesota State Flower, the Lake Superior circle drive, bird notes, Puff Adder, results of the Garden guided tour, Sweet Fern, planting azaleas and rhododendrons and reviews Wild Flowers and How to Grow Them by Edwin Steffek.
9-2   Spring 1961 Martha Crone writes on the Miracle of Spring, the Minnesota state bird, bird notes, a home garden, the hibernation of turtles and provides the minutes of the Friends annual meeting held on Jan. 10, 1961.
9-1   Winter 1961 Martha Crone writes of Winter's Enchantment, bird notes, cardamom seed, reviews a new book - Prints of Invisible Fingers, writes a note to Friends members, notes a new flower garden in Grand Marais; writes on the constellation Orion, zodiacal light, Wild Passion-flower, peanuts.
8-4   Fall 1960 Martha Crone writes on Autumn, bird notes, white flowers, "Starting a Wild Flower Garden is Inspiring", winter skies, decorative potted plants, Trillium planting. Also a Friends president's letter from Dorothy Binder.
8-3   Summer 1960 Martha Crone writes of Summer in the Garden, bird notes, cherry blossoms, porcupine, bananas, new wild flower reserves, black bears, Ram's-head Lady's-slipper, lilacs.
8-2   Spring 1960 Martha Crone writes about Springtide's, bird notes, the National flower, Dieffenbachia, the Friends annual meeting, does the sap of a tree rise in the spring?, which is sweeter, beet or cane sugar?, New Jersey Tea, cultivation of rhododendrons and azaleas. Also a Friends president's letter from Dorothy Binder.
8-1   Winter 1960 Martha Crone writes of the Days of Winter, nature enjoyment, bird notes, Wax-plant, Chicory, Cranberry, Lingon Berry, preservation, rainfall.
7-4   Fall 1959 Martha Crone writes on Autumn the Season of Nostalgia, bird notes, Angelica, use of sphagnum moss, November nights, fall planting, Strange as it may seem, Snow-on-the-Mountain, mushrooms and bulb protection.
7-3   Summer 1959 Martha Crone writes of Melody of Midsummer, bird notes, Jerusalem Artichoke, Chimney Swifts, Planting Time, Clinton Odell Memorial, Winter Damage in the Garden, Orchids, the Garden's advantage, Indian Pipe.
7-2   Spring 1959 Martha Crone writes on the Song of Spring, bird notes, Friends annual meeting, Strange as it may seem, plant a tree, the North Star, Allspice, Ruffed Grouse and Did You Know?
7-1   Winter 1959 Martha Crone writes on Winter in the Garden, activity in March, National Flowers, Bees, bird notes, Leatherwood, memberships, White-footed Mouse.
6-4   Fall 1958 Martha Crone writes on the Golden Fall, bird notes, wild flower sanctuaries and wilderness area, plant selection for limited space, summer plantings in the Garden, White Cedar, the new fern hill, and Walking Fern.
6-3   Summer 1958 Martha Crone writes on the Mellowing Summer-time, a review of spring flowering in the Garden, misleading fall foliage, cloves, bloodroot, bird notes, plants to avoid that require very acid soil, late summer flowers, plants that "disappear" over summer. Dorothy Binder writes a memorial article on Clinton Odell who passed away on June 4th.
6-2   Spring 1958 Martha Crone writes about "The Burst of Spring", Purple Loosestrife, bird notes, Oconee Bells, the best plants to choose for spring wildflower planting, flowers that that have united petals, frogs, and Wild Leek.
6-1   Winter 1958 Martha Crone writes about features of winter, Jewell-weed, winter bird notes, Brazil Nut, the Mustard Family, Daffodils, city tolerant trees, growth rate of certain trees, propagating the Large-flowered Trillium, yams and sweet potatoes.
5-4   Fall 1957 Martha Crone writs on Autumn's Brilliance, bird notes, wild flower conservation, poisonous seeds, bird attraction, ferns and azaleas and then devotes a full page to a garden census she took in a half acre area around the Garden office.
5-3   Summer 1957 Martha Crone writes on "Summer - Noontime of the Year", progress of plants in the Garden, "Why not plant some Trilliums?", Seed dispersal, Coralroot, the Garden's usefulness, and about the award Friends president Clinton Odell received from the Northwest Sportsman's Show.
5-2   Spring 1957 Martha Crone writes on the "Joys of Spring", bird notes, seeding time, suggestions for bird houses, wild ginger, orchids, edible wild plants, and the purpose of the Garden.
5-1   Winter 1957 Martha Crone writes of "Winter Solitude", bird notes, Bayberry candles, Garden activities of 1956, Persimmon, planting our native ferns, rhododendrons, winter trees. Friends President Clinton Odell writes on Martha receiving a bronze medal from the MN Horticultural Society.
4-4   Fall 1956 Martha Crone writes of "Mellow Autumn Days", the Bird's-foot violet, bird notes, American Spikenard, Plant distribution, "Last of the season ramble thru the Garden", the twining direction of vines, rare evergreen ground covers, and a report on the fern garden.
4-3   Summer 1956 Martha Crone writes of the "Ways of Summer", "Wild Flower Gardens Just Don't Happen", bird notes, the Minnesota state flower, Blue Columbine, Butterwort, Maidenhair tree and some small little known facts.
4-2   Spring 1956 Martha Crone writes on the "Delights of Spring", Spring planting, bird notes, Striped Maple, Mushrooms in spring, the weather of the past year, the Borage Family, and gives notes from the Friends Annual Meeting.
4-1   Winter 1956 Martha Crone writes about "Winter Moods", activities of the past garden year, bird notes, Cardinal Flower, the new fern garden, Primrose Family, Kapok, Christmas Rose, albinos among plants and the use of "wort" and "bane" in a plant's name.
3-4   Fall 1955 Martha Crone writes about "Ideal October Days", the Ginseng Family, Spider-flower, bird notes, establishing wild flower gardens, the milkweed family and of summer's retreat.
3-3   Summer 1955 Martha Crone writes on "Long Summer Days", development of a prairie garden, bird notes, July lull, a nice article about what she sees "Along a Shady Garden Path", and more information on the Wild Flower Garden.
3-2   Spring 1955 Martha Crone writes about spring days, conservation, bird notes, Trilliums, Wild Flowers, Regal Lily, Pests of the Garden and the Friends Annual Meeting notes. Short note from President Clinton Odell of Garden plans for the year.
3-1   Winter 1955 Martha Crone writes on "Winter - The Sunset of the Year", Leatherwood, Rhododendrons, Bird study, Evergreens in winter, Holly, and a number of "did you know" items.
2-4   Fall 1954 Martha Crone writes about mellow fall days, plant observation, mushrooms, fall moods, Tulip-tree, Dutchman's Pipe Vine, Jacob's Ladder and plants that require acid soil.
2-3   Summer 1954 Martha Crone writes on Summertime flowers and birds, common edible and poisonous fungi, "What is the Wild Flower Garden?", Shooting Star, Lady's-slippers, Jack-in-the-pulpit.
2-2   April 1954 Martha Crone writes about Springtime, the Sweet Potato, Rhubarb, seed germination, bird notes, report on The Friends annual meeting, colorful plant buds, suggestions for native plantings and Citronella - now established in the Garden.
2-1   January 1954 Martha Crone writes of Winter, common Asparagus, Partridge-berry, attractive introduced plants, commonly seen birds, her introduction to the Garden of certain trilliums, azaleas and rhododendrons.
1-4   October 1953 Martha Crone writes of Autumn, the Jerusalem Artichoke, Indian Pipe, ground covers, a note on Owls by Thoreau, Wild Asters, Gentian bloom time, membership update, wild fruits.
1-3   July 1953 Martha Crone writes about midsummer, The Snowball bush, Ruby-throated Humming Bird, Poison Sumac, the Minnesota State Flower and how to plant, ferns, excerpt from Thoreau on the Nighthawk, Minnesota wild orchids.
1-2   April 1953 Marthe Crone writes on the Return of Spring, the Snow trillium, May flowers, Skunk Cabbage, Wafer Ash, ancient elm in Wirth Park, Pasque-flower, May Apple, Pileated Woodpecker.
1-1   Winter 1953 First Issue. Letter from President Clinton Odell. Martha Crone writes on why the Fringed Gentian was chosen for a name, notes on Witch Hazel, Horse Gentian, about a winter brook, the value of the Garden, bird notes and Snow Crystals (from Thoreau's journal) - several columns of which she repeated in 1958.

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